What is the purpose of the U.S. Census? While most people have heard of the United States Census Bureau, few people are aware of why they exist and what they are in charge of. There are many branches of the Federal government and each one has a different responsibility. The U.S. Census is mandated by the Federal government. In Article 1 Section 2 of the United States Constitution, it mandates that an official count be taken of the population. This is necessary for more than one reason.
First off, it is important to know that the House of Representatives are numbered based on the number of constituents in their state. The same goes for the Electoral College. Since these two very important groups of people are based on the number of constituents in each state, a count must be taken every ten years to determine how many people there actually are in each state, and in the United States in total. This is what the purpose of the U.S. Census is for. On every year that ends with a 0, an official count is taken of the number of people in each state. For all of the years in between, trends are used to make estimations and projections about the number of people there are.
Secondly, the U.S. Census is important for the purposes of distributing funds to the public. Taking a count of the people in the country helps the Federal government decide what areas of the population are in need of what services such as: welfare, housing projects, parks and other things mandated by the federal government.
The U.S. Census Bureau is very important, more so than many people would have ever thought possible. When it comes time to fill out your questionnaire or the census taker knocks on your door, be kind and do the right thing by answering questions as honestly as possible. This is important information that the government must have in order to properly serve their people.