#What #does #apa
What does apa
APA Paper Cover Page
When assigned to write an APA format paper, most students are typically referred to Purdue Owl APA formatting page or the official APA website. While both resources provide a bunch of valuable insight with relevant details on every possible case study, the amount of information is simply astounding, especially for first-year students. So, we will try to break all of these rules down into a set of simpler requirements. Let’s take a quick look at the APA logic in general — it should give you a better understanding of the format and help you navigate Purdue Owl APA section with ease.
General Requirements for APA Format
These general rules apply to your entire paper, from APA format cover page to References section:
- 12-point Times New Roman font
- Double spacing
- 1-inch margins on all sides
- Page number in the top right corner
So far, these rules should seem familiar — the same logic applies to a whole range of academically recognized formatting styles. Now, let’s take a look at the specifics of APA format in closer detail.
How to Write APA Style Cover Page
Sometimes, students get confused about APA style paper cover page formatting, and for a good reason. After all, APA format cover page allows a certain degree of flexibility, which may be a bit frustrating at first. So, let’s start with the things cover page APA style MUST have. They are
- Title of the paper
- Name of the student
- Educational establishment
And here are the optional details APA title page may or may not include
- Your class and date
- Author’s note
All in all, you can safely include your class and date on the APA cover page. If you doubt it, consult your professor on the issue. An author’s note, on the other hand, is not a necessary part if of a student’s APA cover page. It is generally required when submitting a scientific article for publication. In this case, APA style cover page will include a brief summary of the author’s academic achievements and his/her contact information.
Another thing that makes cover page APA style a bit different from other academically recognized formats is the running head. It goes at the header of your APA title page and looks like this:
Running head: YOUR PAPER TITLE IN CAPS GOES HERE
Note, however, that only APA format paper cover page presupposes the actual words ‘running head’. All of the subsequent pages have only your paper title in caps, no ‘running head’ note. That is why, you are to keep APA format paper cover page header separate from the rest of the file.
Do you need an APA format abstract?
In many cases, you can start the actual paper right after APA style paper cover page. In some other cases, though, the latter one is followed by an abstract.
It is advisable to include the abstract when dealing with a relatively long paper that has many sections and runs over eight pages long. If this your case, you should definitely make abstract a part of your work. If we were to write an abstract for this article, it would look more or less like this:
The article focuses on the specifics of APA format, taking a close look at the cover page formatting, citations, bibliography… (you can expand here, but try not to exceed 200 words)
Keywords: APA, write my essay, cover page, references (up to 7 keywords here)
If however, you are working on a relatively short paper, your introduction can start right after APA format cover page.
APA citation format explained
APA citation guidelines have the same logic as all other academic papers. If you want to include a quote word by word, you frame these words in quotation marks and refer to the original source in brackets. If you refer to a particular study but use your own words, you still need to mention the writer’s last name and the year of publication in brackets.
If the source has just one author, the reference will look like this: “quote goes here” (Author, 2017). APA citation format for two authors: “quote goes here” (Author & Author, 2017). If the source has three or more authors, you indicate the first three names separated by commas, like this: (Author1, Author2, Author3, 2017). For all of the following references to the same source, APA citation will look like this (Author1 et. al, 2017).
Structuring APA reference page
The ‘write my essay’ process is not just about writing; it is also about giving credit to authors who worked on the subject before you. APA bibliography page includes not only all of the sources you quoted or paraphrased in your work but also all of the sources you consulted during the research. That is why it is also called APA reference page, or simply the references (which is exactly how it is titled). Here are some general requirements for this vital part of your work:
- The word References is centered
- Do not use bold, caps, or italics for the page title
- Structure all sources in alphabetical order
- Start every source with a new line
- If the source you are referring to requires more than one line, indent every line except the first one
And here are the essential facts you should include for your APA bibliography sources (in that particular order):
- Author’s last name and first name initial
- The year your source was published
- The title of the paper/book
- The place of publication
In practice, there will be certain exceptions, though. For example, some sources will have no author; others will have no year of publication. Also, some resources might be translated and/or republished over the years. There are two possible ways to approach this matter. The first and the most ‘honest’ one is to go to Purdue Owl APA and see particular rules for each case study. The other one would be to simply avoid mentioning certain sources that pose difficulty in formatting — especially if you do not plan to quote or refer to them directly. If that is not the case, include as much information about the source as you possibly can. Take a look at the specific examples:
A book with an author Blacksmith, J. (2017). Sample Book Title. Washington, DC: DC Publishing.
A book without an author Sample Book Title (2017). Washington, DC: DC Publishing.
A source without a publication date Blacksmith, J. (n.d.) Sample Source Title. Washington, DC: DC Publishing.
Note: n.d. stands for ‘no date’.
A source from a periodical
In all of the examples above, you might have noticed that the title of the book is always in italics. When referring to an article from a journal or any other periodical, though, the title of the actual article will remain regular. The title and the serial number of a periodical, on the other hand, will be italicized. Like this: Baker, T.E. (2010). Community Oriented Policing. Effective Police Leadership: Moving Beyond Management: 3-24. New York. Police Publishing.
A printed vs. online source
Differently from other academic formats, APA does not place a special emphasis on indicating whether the source is printed or digital. It does require mentioning the place of publication, though. So, if you are referring to an online source, the example will usually look like this:
Keverline, S. (2003). In the Face of Difficulties, Women in Federal Law Enforcement Persist and Excel. Web. Retrieved from http://www.wifle.org/pdf/study_faceofchallenges.pdf
Note: make sure your link is neither underlined, nor highlighted blue. Most text editors will do it automatically, so make sure to keep an eye on that.
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